Instalar Ubuntu Touch

Installing Ubuntu Touch is easy, and a lot of work has gone in to making the installation process less intimidating to the average user. The UBports Installer is a nice graphical tool that you can use to install Ubuntu Touch on a supported device from your Linux, Mac or Windows computer. For more experienced users, we also have manual installation instructions for every device on the devices page.

Advertencia

Si va a cambiar desde un dispositivo que tiene Android, no podrá guardar ningún dato que esté actualmente en el dispositivo. Cree una copia de seguridad externa antes si quiere mantener los datos.

You can Download the UBports Installer from GitHub. The following packages are available:

Inicie el instalador y siga las instrucciones en pantalla que lo guiarán a través del proceso de instalación. ¡Eso es! ¡Diviértase explorando Ubuntu Touch!

If you’re an experienced android developer and want to help us bring Ubuntu Touch to more devices, visit the porting section.

Nota

Please do not start the installer with sudo. It is meant to be run as a normal user, not as root. Using the installer with sudo will mess up permissions in the installer’s cached files and lead to problems down the road. If the installer does not recognize your device, check the troubleshooting information below.

Solución de problemas

If you need help, you can join UBports” support channels on telegram or matrix or ask a question in the forum or on askubuntu. If you believe that the UBports Installer is not working correctly, you can also file a new issue to help us solve the problem.

Connection lost during installation

Try a different USB cable and a different USB port on your computer. Cheap and old cables tend to lose connection during the installation.

Windows Defender prevents Installer from starting

We have contacted Microsoft about this problem, but they seem to think it’s enjoyable. To dismiss the warning, click on «More Information», then select «Run anyway».

Device not detected

Virtual Machine

If you’re running the installer in a virtual machine, make sure the virtual machine is allowed to access the USB port.

Windows ADB drivers

Install the universal adb driver and reboot your computer.

Fairphone 2 Vendor-ID

Run echo 0x2ae5 >> ~/.android/adb_usb.ini in the terminal and restart the installer. This does not affect the snap package.

Missing udev-rules

If the device is not detected on Linux and you are not using the snap package, then you might be missing some udev-rules.

  1. See if /etc/udev/rules.d/51-android.rules exists and contains the rules below. If not, add them to the file and run sudo service udev restart or sudo udevadm control --reload-rules && udevadm trigger.

SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0e79", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0502", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0b05", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="413c", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0489", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="091e", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="18d1", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0bb4", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="12d1", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="24e3", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="2116", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0482", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="17ef", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="1004", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="22b8", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0409", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="2080", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0955", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="2257", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="10a9", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="1d4d", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0471", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="04da", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="05c6", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="1f53", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="04e8", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="04dd", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0fce", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0930", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="19d2", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="2ae5", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="2a45", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"

Other issues

If the troubleshooting tips do not work, you might also try following the manual installation instructions for your device on the devices page.

Instalación en dispositivos Android heredados (legacy)

Mientras que el proceso de instalación es bastante sencillo en la mayoría de los dispositivos, algunos dispositivos heredados (legacy) Bq y Meizu necesitan unos pasos especiales. Esta parte de la guía no se aplica a otros dispositivos.

Nota

Esto es más o menos territorio inexplorado. Si el fabricante de su dispositivo no quiere que instale un sistema operativo alternativo, no hay mucho que podamos hacer sobre ello. Las siguientes instrucciones deberían solo seguirlas los usuarios experimentados. Mientras que apreciamos que montones de gente quieran usar nuestro sistema operativo, actualizar un dispositivo con herramientas OEM no debería hacerse sin un poco de conocimiento y mucha investigación.

Los dispositivos Meizu están mayormente trabados con Flyme. Mientras que el MX4 se puede actualizar exitosamente en algunos casos, el Pro5 está basado en Exynos y genera sus propios dolores de cabeza.

Advertencia

¡TENGA MUCHO CUIDADO! ¡Es responsable de sus propios actos!

  1. Disconnect all devices and non-essential peripherals from your PC. Charge your device on a wall-charger (not your PC) to at least 40 percent.

  2. Download the Ubuntu Touch ROM for your device and extract the zip files:

  3. Download the latest version of SP flash tool (aka MTK flash tool).

  4. Extraiga los archivos zip

  5. Open a Terminal, enter the SP flash tool directory and run it with sudo ./flash_tool.sh.

Nota

En Ubuntu 17.10, hay problemas con flash_tool cargando la biblioteca compartida “libpng12”, pero se puede usar esto como método alternativo:

wget -q -O /tmp/libpng12.deb http://mirrors.kernel.org/ubuntu/pool/main/libp/libpng/libpng12-0_1.2.54-1ubuntu1_amd64.deb \
&& sudo dpkg -i /tmp/libpng12.deb \
&& rm /tmp/libpng12.deb
  1. In the «Scatter-loading File» section, press the «choose» button and select the *Android_scatter.txt file from the archive you downloaded in the second step.

  2. Choose «Firmware Upgrade» from the drop-down menu.

Advertencia

If you select DOWNLOAD ONLY rather than FIRMWARE UPGRADE, you will end up with a useless brick rather than a fancy Ubuntu Touch device. Be sure to select FIRMWARE UPGRADE.

Also, after selecting the *Android_scatter.txt, the drop-down menu choice is reset to DOWNLOAD ONLY. Be sure to select it after selecting the file.

  1. Turn your device completely off, but do not connect it yet.

  2. Press the button labeled «Download».

  3. Perform a final sanity-check that you selected the «Firmware Upgrade» option, not «Download Only».

  4. Asegúrese de que su dispositivo está apagado y conéctelo a su PC. No use un puerto USB 3.0 ya que se sabe que produce problemas de comunicación con su dispositivo.

  5. Magic happens. Wait till all the progress bars ended.

Nota

If the installation fails with a 100% red bar and hangs there (and logs says something like COM port is open. Trying to sync with the target...), remove the modemmanager package as the one installed is not compatible with SP flash tool, close it and try again from step 4.

  1. Congratulations! Your device will now boot into a super old version of Ubuntu Touch. You can now use the UBports Installer to install an updated version.